Those who have decided to fulfill the dream of buying a caravan or motorhome, or are thinking of renting one for the holidays, the first thing they wonder is if they need a license to drive caravans and, if so, what requirements must be met.
For this reason, we show you below everything you need to know about the necessary driving license for your caravan or motorhome.
Depending on the total weight of the set consisting of the car and the caravan, a driving license or another will be necessary.
Let's first clarify some concepts to know what we mean when we talk about Maximum Authorized Mass or MMA, tare, payload and Maximum Towable Mass or MMR
When the Maximum Authorized Mass of a motorhome is less than 3500 Kg, with the driving license B It's enough. However, in those cases in which the MMA is greater than 3,500 kg, it is necessary to obtain the type C card.
This legislation applies to both caravans and motorhomes. In other words, in the case of caravans, the total weight of the towing vehicle plus that of the trailer may not exceed 3,500 kg to be able to drive the set with a type B license.
Otherwise, the driver needs to obtain a B96 permit. And in the event that the MMA of the car and the caravan together is greater than 4250 Kg, the necessary driving license will be a type B + E.
The answer is simple: the motorhome moves without the need for a car to tow it, since it has its own engine, as if it were a truck or minibus. On the contrary, the caravan does not have an engine and must be towed by a vehicle.
The main advantage of motorhomes is the possibility of carrying an extra trailer in case it is necessary to transport more luggage, bicycles, motorcycles or specific material for practicing sports. In this case, if the trailer is 750 kg or less, it will not be necessary to obtain any other permits.
Let's also see the differences between caravans and motorhomes in relation to the driving license they require depending on their Maximum Authorized Mass.
If the MMA value of our vehicle exceeds 3500 kg, we must examine ourselves to obtain the special permit to drive motorhomes.
The requirements to obtain this card are very basic:
Once the psychotechnical certificate has been obtained, three tests will be carried out:
After passing the practical tests, you will have already obtained the license to drive motorhomes high volume.
In order to drive a set of total MMA (car plus caravan) greater than 3500 Kg and less than 4250 Kg, we need to obtain the driving license type B96, the requirements are the same as in the previous case: the driver must be over 18 years old and have a type B driving license.
Similarly, you must present a certificate of psychotechnical aptitude and perform two tests: one for maneuvers and another for circulation.
In order to drive a set of total MMA (car plus caravan) greater than 4250 Kg, the driver is required to have the B + E caravan driving licenseIn addition to presenting the psychotechnical certificate of aptitude, you must examine yourself by taking three different practical tests: a specific test, a maneuvering test and a driving test.
Now you know the requirements of the license to drive caravans and motorhomes and in which cases it is necessary. Good trip!